art history meme | 2/2 museums: Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
The Gallery was ordered in 1560 by Cosimo I de Medici, first Grand Duke of Tuscany, to house the administrative and judiciary offices of Florence, the “uffizi” (Italian for “offices”). At the time when the grandiose building was being built, the Medici hegemony was secure. In 1581, Francesco I de Medici, Cosimo’s son and new Grand Duke of Tuscany, set up a Gallery with statues and other precious objects on the last floor of the east wing of the Uffizi. The collections would become vaster and vaster, continually enriched by almost every member of the Medicy dinasty until their extinction in the XVIIIth century. The Gallery was opened to public later, in 1769, by Grand Duke Peter Leopold, perhaps the most enlightened and important member of the Austrian house of Lorraine, new regnant family of the Grand Duchy until the unification of Italy. The gallery was completely reorganized according to the new scientific criteria of the Enlightenment and the collections were divided per type.
Dornröschen (Sleeping Beauty)
by Louis Sussmann-Hellborn, 1878,
Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany.
(The pic come from Jo´seph)
And in the writing of this she sent for me, and at my coming she said, ‘Mr. Kingston, I hear I shall not die afore noon, and I am very sorry therefore, for I thought to be dead by this time and past my pain.’ I told her it should be no pain, it was so little. And then she said, ‘I heard say the executioner was very good, and I have a little neck,’ and then put her hands about it, laughing heartily. I have seen many men and also women executed, and that they have been in great sorrow, and to my knowledge this lady has much joy in death. Sir, her almoner is continually with her, and had been since two o’clock after midnight - Sir William Kingston
history meme / two natural disasters / mount vesuvius eruption buries pompeiiMount Vesuvius, a volcano near the Bay of Naples in Italy, is hundreds of thousands of years old and has erupted more than 50 times. Its most famous eruption took place in the year 79 A.D., when the volcano buried the ancient Roman city of Pompeii under a thick carpet of volcanic ash. The dust “poured across the land” like a flood, one witness wrote, and shrouded the city in “a darkness…like the black of closed and unlighted rooms.” Two thousand people died, and the city was abandoned for almost as many years. When a group of explorers rediscovered the site in 1748, they were surprised to find that—underneath a thick layer of dust and debris—Pompeii was mostly intact. The buildings, artifacts and skeletons left behind in the buried city have taught us a great deal about everyday life in the ancient world. [+more]
history meme | ‘one’ war | the wars of the roses
the wars of the roses were a series of dynastic wars fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal house of plantagenet: the houses of lancaster and york (whose heraldic symbols were the red and the white rose, respectively) for the throne of england. they were fought in several sporadic episodes between 1455 and 1485, although there was related fighting both before and after this period. they resulted from the social and financial troubles following the hundred years’ war. the final victory went to a relatively remote lancastrian claimant, henry tudor, who defeated the last yorkist king richard iii and married edward iv’s daughter elizabeth of york to unite the two houses. the house of tudor subsequently ruled england and wales for 117 years. [read more]
art history meme | 3/9 paintings: Head of a Female (La Scapigliata) by Leonardo da Vinci (c.1508)
La Scapigliata, meaning ‘dishevelled’, is an unfinished painting, however, certain parts of the face are finite and are reflected in the work of Leonardo. There is depicted a female head, with a hint of the shoulders, turned three-quarters to the left and downward sloping. The features are very gentle, round and slightly bulging eyeballs, the prominent nose, full lips accenting a smile and the rounded chin. The strong chiaroscuro lying on the face with highlights enhances the sculptural relief of the face and its angelic composure, however, it is interrupted by the vibrant hair, artfully dishevelled, curly and unruly, reminiscent of the principle outward expression of “movements of the soul”, one of the key principles of Leonardo’s poetry.